The Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) was founded by Nobel Laureates Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo in June 2003 at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) to reduce poverty by ensuring that policy is informed by scientific evidence. Anchored by a network of 193 affiliated professors from 56 leading universities around the world, J-PAL conducts randomised impact evaluations to answer critical questions in the fight against poverty.